Meditation in the western world is a synonym of contemplation. Both activities are important duties of catholic priests. When people meditate, they will focus to an object which could be God or subject of thinking. This kind of meditation has a part of thinking.
Eastern world practices meditation to reduce thinking. We meditate to free or empty our mind. We focus into our body with a moving part or still position. By observing inside continuously and relaxingly, mind will be free more and more from thinking. Meditation by this way guide mind to be free from all thoughts.